I've been listening to Arvo Pärt for quite a while. I'm not sure how I discovered him. He is still alive and still composing. His work, since the 1980s, has been generally focused on the sacred, using chant and polyphony.
I don't know much about music. I know most definitions; I can follow a discussion well enough. But I cannot explain to you the difference between a harmony and a melody — not with understanding
. And I cannot distinguish either in a work. I am stupid when it comes to music. Fundamentally I am sub-intellectual. For me, a musical work is either a good noise
or it's disposable.
Whenever I tried listening to Pärt's Passio, it left me cold. It's a setting of St. John's Passion verses. It's about the Passion of Christ and yet, as sound, it caused me no passion.I shrugged it off. Pärt has always been hot or cold for me. One work is transcendent and always too brief; another is flat and not even worth finishing. So it goes, eh? No oeuvre is consistent; no listener other than fickle.
Well, this past Friday my parish ambitiously presented a complete performance of Passio
. It was performed by our usual Sunday chorus and some local singers and musicians, all led by the parish's musical director. I realize that Pärt is not obscure (indeed he has even been appointed to the Pontifical Council for Culture by Benedict XVI) and I don't think my parish is filled with philistines, but the choice of Pärt nonetheless seemed unusual. I was curious how it would play out.
We were given programs and naturally, as the work proceeded, I read along. I had never actually done this with Passio
before. These days I tend not to read along with any vocal works, except when I am specifically curious about the words. I seek only noise, after all.
As I read I realized that Passio
is not meant to be listened to. Not as music. It is a reading of a text
. I can listen to Bach's Johannes-Passion and never know what's going on and still enjoy the glorious noise.
If you don't know what is being said in Passio
, the musical carriage
, the musical adornment
, the musical shaping
, will sound almost random. It may leave you cold. Its fundamental structure is not a musical
form, like sonata; its fundamental structure is spoken Latin. No poem or song is involved.
And so, when you actually attend to the text, the shifts between chorus and soloists and instruments, and between this note and that, make sense
. The words are not an excuse for the voice as another instrument; they are the impetus for everything. Only with the words in your eyes is there any music in your ears.
So is Passio
even "music"? It's like a musical without any catchy tunes. Whatever specific melodies or harmonies there may be, I'm not tapping my foot or bobbing my head to any of it. Is that just the definition of chant, perhaps? But you can be carried away by Gregorian chant. Passio
seems to be something else. It's a text that is not silent.
There must be a name for that.